The gE.CO Database

Summary of case studies respondents

Locations: Selection cases process has been conducted in order to capture the wider heterogeneity of pilot cases across different countries. So that, selection has tried to grasp as much countries as possible among those identified in the general list of pilot cases. In doing so, we have achieved to include 55 cases nationally distributed as follows:
– Total cases: 55.
– Countries: 15.
– Cities: 43 (Belgium 4; France 6; Germany 6; Greece 5; Hungary 1; Italy 11; Lithuania 1; Malta 1; Netherlands 3; Poland 1; Portugal 2; Romania 1; Slovakia 1; Spain 10; UK 3).

Categories: We firstly identified three types of case studies according its own nature.
– First, we identified “urban policies” and/or “programs” designed and conducted mostly by municipalities (with or without citizens or other institutions collaboration) aiming to support or reinforce communitarian and citizens engagement in generative urban commons.
– Secondly, we created another analytic category, “community of citizens” which means initiatives designed and conducted by citizens themselves, either in a direct and individual way or assembled altogether in a citizens’ collective or platform.
– Thirdly, we created a category, “institutionalized initiative”, for initiatives or projects at urban level recognized or validated by public institutions and managed by a partnership between private or citizens’ actors and public administrations (either national, regional or municipal).
– Additionally, some cases are “community of citizens” that have been “institutionalized” refereeing to projects or initiatives managing generative urban commons formerly managed by citizens or organizations that have acquired a “formal” character in being recognized or somehow validated by public administrations.
In levelling our previous 225 case studies along these four categories, we have achieved the following distribution of the selected 55 pilot cases to survey:
– Urban policy: 13.
– Community of citizens: 28.
– Institutionalized Initiative: 5.
– Community of citizens + Institutionalized Initiative: 9.

Period: The 56 case studies’ temporary dimension covers a period of 41 years (1977 – 2018), the first case being created in 1977 and the later about this very year.

Thematic areas: Lastly, and in order to capture the variety of thematic areas covered by all of the previous 225 selected cases, we organized them along 12 thematic areas (culture and arts; politics; ecology; sport and leisure; technology; social centre; welfare; tourism; employment and enterprise; housing; education; and production). However, being just an analytical classification, most of cases these 12 thematic areas are actually interrelated and mixed, since most of the 56 case studies combine different activities or conduce projects related with these areas at the same time.

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